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File/Folder Handling

/fopen

Added in 1.8.10

/fopen [-no] <handle> <filename>

Opens the specified file and assigns a name to it for later reference. The open fails if the file does not exist.

Switches

-n - Creates the file if it does not exists, fails if the file exists.
-o - Creates a new file, overwrites if it exists.

Parameters

<handle> - Handle to assign the file.
<filename> - Path/Filename to open.

Example

alias fopen_example {
  ;Open hello.txt file.
  /fopen -n h hello.txt

  ;Error check
  if ($ferr) {
    /echo -sce info * /fopen_example: $err
    /halt
  }

  ;Write 'Hello There' to the file.
  /fwrite h Hello There

  ;Close the handle.
  /fclose h

  ;Open file in default editor.
  /run hello.txt
}

/fclose

Added in 1.8.10

/fclose <handle>

Closes the file associated with this handle.

If you specify a wildcard, all matching handles are closed.

Parameters

<handle> - The handle to close.

Example

alias example {
  ;Open a file.
  /fopen -o x example.txt

  ;write to the file
  /fwrite x Print this line.

  ;Close the file handle
  /fclose x
}

/flist

Added in 1.9.0

/flist [handle]

Lists all open files, or those matching the specified handle.

Wildcards can be used.

Parameters

[handle] - Handle to match.

Examples

;List all open files matching myhandle*.
/flist myhandle*

;List all open files.
/flist

/fseek

Added in 1.8.10

/fseek [-lnrw] <handle> <position | line number | wildcard | regex>

Sets the read/write pointer to the specified position in the file.

-l - Set position to line 'line number'.
-n - Set position to start of the next line.
-r - Set position to text matching 'regex'.
-w - Set position to text matching 'wildcard'.

Parameters

<handle> - The file handle to seek.
<position | line number | wildcard | regex> - The position/Line number with -l/Wildcard with -w/Regex with -w to set.

/write

Added in 1.9.0

/write [-cidna l<line> s<text> w<wildcard> r</regex/>] <filename> [text]

Writes lines to a text file.

Switches

-c - Clears the entire file before writing to it.
-i - Inserts the text at a given line instead of replacing it.
-d - Deletes the given or last line.
-n - Prevent adding $crlf at the end of the text.
-a - Appends the text to an existing line.
-l - Line number for the line to write/modify/delete.
-s - Operates on a line that matches the scanned <text>.
-w - Operates on a line that matches the scanned <wildcard> pattern.
-r - same as -w - but uses a regular expression match.

Parameters

<line> - The line number to find.
<text> - The text to scan.
<wildcard> - Wildcard pattern to match.
</regex/> - Regex pattern to match.
<filename> - The file name to manipulate.
[text] - The text to be written to the file.

Example

alias example {
  ; Create a file and add a few lines of text to it.
  /write Example.txt this is a cool line
  /write Example.txt hello there!
  /write Example.txt text files are cool

  ; Locate the line that starts with "hello" and insert the following text before it.
  /write -is"Hello" Example.txt This will become line 2!

  ; Delete line 1.
  /write -dl1 Example.txt
}

/filter

Added in 1.9.4

/filter [-asdfhNkwxnpriocteubglLzN] [n-n2] [c s] <infile | dialog id> <outfile | dialog id | alias> [alias] <matchtext>

Scans lines of text in a window, file or dialog control, any matches are then written out to another window, file, or dialog control.
The order of the switch are important, they define what is the infile and what is the outfile, see the examples for more information.

You can filter blank lines by specifying $crlf for the matchtext.

The $filtered identifier will retrieve the number of matches found.

Switches

-w - Indicates the parameter is a window.
-f - Indicates the parameter is a file.
-a - Sorts filtered lines by calling the optional [alias] parameter, the alias is passed two lines, $1 and $2, it must compare both and return -1, 0, or 1 to indicate relative sort order of these lines to each other.
-x - Excludes matching lines.
-n - Prefixes lines with a line number. (the Nth match)
-d - TODO
-s - Indicates the status window will be used.
-p - TODO
-r - Specifies the range of lines n to n2 for filtering.
-b - Strips any control codes when matching text.
-g - Indicates the matchtext is a regular expression.
-z - TODO
-k - Indicates that you have specified an <alias> as the output instead of a window name. The alias will be called with the result of each filtered line with the form $<alias>($1) where $1 is the matched line.
-i - Indicates that you have provided a [dialog id] custom dialog control as the input.
-o - Indicates that you have provided a [dialog id] custom dialog control as the output.
-c - Clears the output window/file before writing to it.
-t - Sorts the output based on [c s], column C using character S as the columns separator.
-e - Used with -t, specifies a descending sort.
-u - Used with -t, specifies a numeric sort.
-l - Filters from the side-listbox in the first window.
-L - Filters to the side-listbox in the second window.
-hN - TODO
-N - Keep the nickcolumn character when filtering from a window. (AdiIRC only)

Parameters

[n-n2] - if -r is used, indicates the range of lines to be scanned*
[c s] - if -t is used, indicates how to do the sort
<infile | dialog id> - if no switch implies a window's name to be use as the infile, you must provide an infile (a window, a file, or a dialog control)
<outfile | dialog id | alias> - if no switch implies a window's name to be used as the outfile, you must provide an outfile (a window, a file, a dialog control, or an alias name if -k is used)
[alias] - optional alias called if -a is used
<matchtext> - the expression used for the search, if $null is used, it matches everything.

Example

;Filter from the file "c:\my file.txt" to the custom window @mywin.
/filter -fw "c:\my file.txt" @mywin *findthis*

;Filter from the custom window @mywin to the file "c:\my file.txt".
filter -wf @mywin "c:\my file.txt" *findthat*

;Filter from the status window to the single message window.
/filter -sd *findthis*

;Filter from the single message window to the status window.
/filter -ds *findthat*

;Filter from the filename @this_is_a_file to the dialog 'dialog', id '1'.
/filter -fo @this_is_a_file dialog 1 *findthis*

;Filter from a file and call an alias for each line.
/filter -fk file myalias *findthat*

;Filter from a file to a file using regex.
/filter -ffg file1 file2 /regex here/

alias sortexample {
  ;Create 2 windows.
  /window @asd1
  /window @asd2

  ;Add some unordered lines.
  aline @asd1 cccc3|cccc2|cccc1
  aline @asd1 aaaa3|aaaa2|aaaa1
  aline @asd1 bbbb3|bbbb2|bbbb1

  ;Sort by column "1" where column separator is "|" (ascii char 124). (equal to $gettok(cccc3|cccc2|cccc1, 1, 124))
  /filter -twwc 1 124 @asd1 @asd2
}

/loadbuf

{{include(/loadbuf}}

/savebuf

{{include(/savebuf}}

/copy

{{include(/copy}}

/rename

{{include(/rename}}

/remove

{{include(/remove}}

/rmdir

{{include(/rmdir}}

/mkdir

{{include(/mkdir}}

/paths

{{include(/paths}}

/run

{{include(/run}}

$crc

Added in 1.9.0

$crc(text|&binvar|filename,[N])

Returns the CRC checksum of the specified item.

Parameters

text|&binvar|filename - Value to calculate CRC checksum from.
N - 0 = plain text, 1 = &binvar, 2 = filename (content of the file), 2 is default.

$exists

Added in 1.9.0

$exists(file|dir)

Returns $true if a file or dir exists otherwise $false.

See also $isfile $isdir.

Parameters

file|dir - File or directory.

Example

; Check if file exists
if ($exists(c:\windows\notepad.exe) file exists

; Check if directory exists
if ($exists(c:\windows) directory exists

$file

Added in 1.8.10

$file(filename|foldername)

Returns information about the specified file or folder.

Default returns file size.

Same as $lof.

Parameters

filename|foldername - Filename or folder to retrieve information from.

Properties

.size - File size in bytes. (returns 0 for folders)
.ctime - Creation time. (unix timestamp)
.mtime - Last modification time. (unix timestamp)
.atime - Last access time. (unix timestamp)
.shortfn - Short file name.
.longfn - Full file name.
.attr - File attributes.
.sig - returns "ok" if digital signed, else "none".
.version - returns the file version, if any.

Example

; Show AdiIRC.exe filesize
//echo -ag $file($adiircexe).size

; Show explorer.exe digital signature
//echo -ag $file(c:\windows\explorer.exe).sig

$finddir

Added in 1.9.0

$finddir(dir,wildcard,N,[depth],[@window|command])

Searches the specified directory and its sub directories for the Nth directory name matching the wildcard specification and returns the full path and directory if it is found.

If /halt is used in the [command], the search is halted instead of the entire script.

Parameters

dir - The directory to search.
wildcard - Wildcard to search for.
N - If N = 0, number of directories, otherwise the Nth directory.
[depth] - Maximum folder depth. (optional)
[@window|command] - Custom window name to fill with the result or a command to run on each result. (optional)

Properties

.shortfn - Return the path in a shortfn format.

Example

; Print number of sub directories found in $adiircdir.
//echo -ag $finddir($adiircdir,*.*,0)

; Print the 1st directory found.
//echo -ag $finddir($adiircdir,*.*,1)

; Print all sub directories in $adiircdir, when using the command parameter, $1- will hold the path.
//noop $finddir($adiircdir,*.*,0,echo -ag $1-)

$findfile

Added in 1.9.0

$findfile(dir,wildcard,N,[depth],[@window|command])

Searches the specified directory and its subdirectories for the Nth filename matching the wildcard file specification and returns the full path and filename if it is found.

If /halt is used in the [command], the search is halted instead of the entire script.

Parameters

dir - The directory to search.
wildcard - Wildcard to search for.
N - If N = 0, number of files, otherwise the Nth filename.
[depth] - Maximum folder depth. (optional)
[@window|command] - Custom window name to fill with the result or a command to run on each result. (optional)

Properties

.shortfn - Return the path in a shortfn format.

Example

; Print number of filenames found in $adiircdir.
//echo -ag $findfile($adiircdir,*.*,0)

; Print the 1st filename found.
//echo -ag $findfile($adiircdir,*.*,1)

; Print all filenames in $adiircdir, when using the command parameter, $1- will hold the path.
//noop $findfile($adiircdir,*.*,0,echo -ag $1-)

$getdir

Added in 1.9.0

$getdir

Returns the DCC download directory specified in Options -> DCC.


$getdir(filespec)

Returns the DCC download directory matching the filespec, otherwise the directory specified in Options -> DCC.

Parameters

filespec - The filespec.

Example

; Get the directory for .mp3 files.
//echo -ag $getdir(*.mp3)

$isdir

Added in 1.8.10

$isdir(dirfile)

Returns $true if the specified directory exists, otherwise $false.

Parameters

dirfile - Directory to check.

Example

; Check if 'windows' exists.
//if ($isdir(C:\Windows)) echo -ag directory exists

$isfile

Added in 1.8.10

$isfile(file)

Returns $true if the specified file exists, otherwise $false.

Parameters

file - File to check.

Example

; Check if notepad.exe exists.
//if ($isfile(C:\Windows\notepad.exe)) echo -ag file exists

$lines

Added in 1.9.0

$lines(filename)

Returns the total number of lines in the specified text file.

Parameters

filename - Filename to read from.

Example

;Open a file for writing
/fopen file file.txt

;Write a line to the file
/fwrite file Hello World

;Close the file
/fclose file

;Print the number of lines in file.txt
//echo -ag $lines(file.txt)
<pre>

$logdir

Added in 1.8.10

$logdir

Returns the Logs directory set in Options -> Logging -> Log folder.

$longfn

Added in 1.9.0

$longfn(filename)

Returns the long version of a short filename.

Parameters

filename - The filename.

Example

alias Example {
  ; Get the shortfn of AdiIRC.exe
  var %short $shortfn($adiircexe)

  ; Print the long filename
  echo -ag $longfn(%short) vs %short
}

$shortfn

{{include($shortfn}}

$mircexe

Added in 1.9.0

$mircexe

Returns the full path and filename of the AdiIRC executable file.

Can be used inside text.

$adiircexe

Added in 1.9.0

$adiircexe

Returns the full path and filename of the AdiIRC executable file.

Can be used inside text.

$mircini

Added in 1.9.0

$mircini

Returns the full path and filename of the AdiIRC settings file (config.ini).

Can be used inside text.

$adiircini

Added in 1.9.0

$adiircini

Returns the full path and filename of the AdiIRC settings file (config.ini).

Can be used inside text.

$mircdir

Added in 1.9.0

$mircdir

Returns the directory where AdiIRC stores its settings, themes, scripts and so on.

Can be used inside text.

$adiircdir

Added in 1.9.0

$adiircdir

Returns the directory where AdiIRC stores its settings, themes, scripts and so on.

Can be used inside text.

Example

; Print the scripts folder, no space after $adiircdir is needed.
echo -ag $adiircdir\Scripts

$scriptdir

Added in 1.9.0

$scriptdir

Returns the directory of the currently executing script.

Can be used inside text.

Example

; Print the script directory.
//echo -ag current scriptdir is $scriptdir

; Print the script directory inside text.
//echo -ag $scriptdir\somefile.ini

$mkfn

Added in 1.9.0

$mkfn(filename)

Replaces invalid filename characters with underscore.

Parameters

filename - The filename to format.

Example

; Format the filename 'tes\t.txt' to 'tes_t.txt'
//echo -ag $mkfn(tes\t.txt)

$mklogfn

Added in 1.9.0

$mklogfn(filename)

Returns the filename formatted according to options set in Options -> Logging.

Parameters

filename - The filename to format.

$mknickfn

Added in 1.9.0

$mknickfn(nickname)

Formats a nick for use as a valid filename.

Removes certain characters from the nick.

Parameters

nickname - The nickname to format.

Example

; Format the nickname 'tes\t' to 'test'
//echo -ag $mknickfn(tes\t)

$msfile

Added in 1.9.0

$msfile(dir,[title],[oktext])

Displays the multiple select file dialog and returns the number of selected files.

Parameters

dir - Starting folder in the file dialog.
[title] - Dialog title text. (optional)
[oktext] - TODO (optional)

Example

; Select some files and print the number of selected files.
//echo -ag Number of selected files is $msfile($adiircdir, Select Files)

$msdir(N)

Returns the Nth file from the last $msfile selection.

Parameters

N - If N = 0, number of selected files, otherwise the Nth selected file.

Example

; Select some files.
//noop $msfile($adiircdir, Select Files)

; Print the first selected file.
//echo -ag First selected file was $msdir(1)

$nofile

Added in 1.9.0

$nofile(filename)

Returns the path in filename without the actual filename.

Example

; Print the path 'c:\windows\notepad.exe' without the filename.
//echo -ag $nofile(c:\windows\notepad.exe)

$nopath

Added in 1.9.0

$nopath(filename)

Returns filename without a path if it has one.

Example

; Print the filename for the path 'c:\windows\notepad.exe'.
//echo -ag $nopath(c:\windows\notepad.exe)

$read

Added in 1.9.0

$read(filename, [ntswrp], [matchtext], [N])

Returns a single line of text from a file.

See also $readn.

Parameters

filename - Filename to read.
[ntswrp] - (optional)

n - Don't evaluate any identifiers in the line.
t - Treat the first line as a plain text, even if it's a number.
s - Search for matchtext.
w - Search for matchtext as a wildmatch.
r - Search for matchtext as a regular expression.
p - Treat command | separators as such instead of as plain text.

[matchtext] - Matchtext to search. (optional)
[N] - The Nth line.

Example

; Prints a random line from the file 'file.txt'.
//echo $read(file.txt)

; Prints line '10' from the file 'file,txt.
//echo $read(file.txt, 10)

; Searches file 'file,txt for a line beginning with the text 'Hello World' and prints the text following the match value.
//echo $read(file.txt, s, Hello World)

; Searches file 'file.txt' for a line matching the wildmatch '*Hello World*' and prints it.
//echo $read(file.txt, w, *Hello World*)

$readn

Added in 1.9.0

$readn

Returns the line number that was matched in a previous call to $read. If no match was found, $readn is set to zero.

Example

; Read a random line from the file 'file.txt'.
//noop $read(file.txt)

; Print the line number from the last $read.
//echo -ag Line number from the last read was: $readn

$sdir

Added in 1.9.0

$sdir(dir,[title],[oktext])

Displays the select folder dialog and returns the selected folder.

Parameters
dir - Starting folder in the folder dialog.
[title] - Dialog title text. (optional)
[oktext] - TODO (optional)

Example

; Open the folder dialog.
//echo -ag $sdir(c:\windows,Select Folder)

$sfile

Added in 1.9.0

$sfile(file,[title],[oktext])

Displays the select file dialog and returns the selected file.

Parameters
file - Start filename filter in the file dialog.
[title] - Dialog title text. (optional)
[oktext] - TODO (optional)

Example

; Open the file dialog.
//echo -ag $sfile(*.*,Select File)

$sysdir

Added in 1.9.7

$sysdir(item)

Returns the system folder for the specified item.

Parameters

item - The item to retrieve: profile, desktop, documents, downloads, music, pictures and videos.

Example

; Retrieve the documents folder
//echo -ag Documents folder is $sysdir(documents)

$fopen

Added in 1.9.0

$fopen(name|N)

Returns information about an open file.

Parameters

name|N - Name of an open file, If N = 0 number of open files, otherwise the Nth open file.

Properties

.fname - Returns the name associated with the file.
.pos - Returns the current position in the file.
.eof - Returns $true if the position is as the end of the file, otherwise $false.
.err - TODO

Example

; Open a file.
/fopen Example Example.txt

; Print number of open files.
//echo -ag $fopen(0)

; Print information about the 'Example' file.
//echo -ag $fopen(Example) position is $fopen(Example).pos

; Close the file.
/fclose Example

$fread

Added in 1.9.0

$fread(name|N)

Returns the next $crlf delimited line from an open file.

Parameters

name|N - Name of the file or the Nth file.

Example

; Open a file.
/fopen Example Example.txt

; Add some text to the file.
/fwrite Example Hello World

; Read the next line.
//echo -ag Next line is: $fread(Example)

; Close the file.
/fclose Example

; Delete the file.
/remove Example

$fgetc

Added in 1.9.0

$fgetc(name|N)

Returns the next character from current position in an open file.

Parameters

name|N - Name of the file or the Nth file.

Example

; Open a file.
/fopen Example Example.txt

; Add some text to the file.
/fwrite Example Hello World

; Read the next character.
//echo -ag Next char is: $fgetc(Example)

; Close the file.
/fclose Example

; Delete the file.
/remove Example

$feof

Added in 1.9.0

$feof

Returns $true if end of file was reached during the last file access attempt, otherwise $false.

Example

; Open a file.
/fopen Example Example.txt

; Add some text to the file.
/fwrite Example Hello World

; Read the text.
//echo -ag $fread(Example)

; Close the file.
/fclose Example

; Delete the file.
/remove Example

; Print the status from $feof.
//echo -ag File $IIf($feof,was,was not) read to end

$ferr

Added in 1.9.0

$ferr

Returns any errors during the last file access attempt.

Example

; Print the status from $ferr.
//echo -ag Error was: $ferr

Updated by Per Amundsen 8 months ago · 10 revisions

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